Just a few months in the past the Indonesian Environment and Forestry Ministry sought to extend a moratorium deforestation. Issuing new licenses to use peatland and forest in the country for a period of two years.
Indonesia has a huge ecological problem because the forests are rapidly disappearing and palm oil is blame for this. In fact it is the industry of palm oil that is a symbol of tensions between the necessity to conserve. Natural areas and the need for support for economic growth within the Global South.
Palm is an outstanding oil-producing crop that has an unbeatable amount of oil produced per hectare. It is a prolific and affordable multi-purpose oil which is sought after by the biofuels and agro food industries.
If properly managed and developed the palm oil plantations could contribute. To increasing the quality of life and eliminating poverty in tropical rural regions. It is estimate by the World Bank estimates that with an increase in population of 11.6 percent. And a five percent increase in per capita consumption, another 250,000 tonnes of plant oils will need to be produce each year by the year 2020.
Palm oil production worldwide is currently dominate by Indonesia and Malaysia that together make up 85percent worldwide supply. This is due to the emerging economies like India, Indonesia and China and where the growth of population. And higher living standards are the main reasons in the rise of demand. European consumption is responsible 15 percent of all global palm oil usage, while the US consumes 3percent.
The Deforestation Question
The European Parliament’s resolution from 4 April 2017 regarding palm oil and deforestation ended an open debate. About the possibility of regulating imports of palm oil with the aim of limiting the deforestation. That occurs throughout Southeast Asia.
The issue was discuss in an article that was publish by Le Monde. A French publication Le Monde on April 3 2017. Concerning environmental damages related to the production of palm oil The article stated:
Conversion of land for oil palm plantations is the cause of 40percent of depletion of forest cover. That is natural around the globe.
The source of this data reveals that palm oil actually. Responsible for just 2.3 percent of the deforestation in the world. What can this disparity be explain?
Inquiring About Deforestation Numbers
This Le Monde article is based on a report released in March 2017 of the European Parliament. On the social and environmental effects of the cultivation of oil palm. Our team has thoroughly reviewed this 400-page document that is the source of that 40% number likely comes from.
It is estimate the 40% the global deforestation is cause by the shifting to massive oil palm monoculture plantations. And that 73% of world’s deforestation is cause by clearing of land used to produce. The agricultural products and raw materials.
They are the same figures on deforestation for global agriculture as well as the oil palm industry however this time. Taking into the account all kinds of agricultural production, and not only intensive or industrial agriculture.
It is important to remember that farmers from small scales play a significant role in the production of global agriculture 95% of the rice. Coffee and cocoa production is derive from these smallholders. Within the palm oil field Non-agro-industrial farms comprise. Around 40 percent of total area and can also be a source of the destruction of forests.
European Deforestation Parliament
The figures in the report of the European Parliament do not necessarily refer to all sources. If the figure of 73% isn’t linked to an actual source and 40% is reported as coming from a technical report in 2013 which was commissioned from the European Commission, carried out by three private consultants.
It says there were 239 million ha of forest were cut down in the time period studied, with the majority in the subtropics and tropics The study found 91 million hectares within Latin America; 73 million in sub-Saharan Africa, and 44 million across Southeast Asia.
Agriculture is the main source of deforestation worldwide, with 24% of land being used for livestock and 29% being used for cultivation. The report gives some specifics about the 29 percent portion that is deforested due to agricultural crops. It also highlights those crops that make the most contribution soybean (19 percent) as well as maize (11 percent) and oil palm (8 percent) and rice (6 percent) as well as sugarcane (55 percent).
Let’s Calculate It Again
Based on these information sets that palm oil plantations comprise only 8% of deforestation that is attribute to agriculture-relate crops. This is just 8% of 29%, which is 2.3 percent, (or 5.6 million hectares of the 239 million hectares of forest that were lost between 1990 between 1990 and the year 2008.
To find the figure of 40 to find the figure, we need to examine a bit more in the technical report, the point where the deforestation of Brazil or Indonesia is analyze. These are the two countries where forest loss was report to be the most severe.
In the shortest time span of Indonesia in the shortest time span, more than 25 million acres of forests were destroy and of these, 7.5 million were use for agriculture production. Of the 7.5 million acres, 2.9 million are devote to plantations of oil palm, which is around 40 percent. This is why it accounts to 40% the deforestation however, it is only result from the agricultural industry and only in one particular country, not across the globe.
We Need More Information
We are concerned that deceitful information has the ability to directly influence the public’s opinions. Reports like the one from Parliament European Parliament now guide public preferences in the context of regulations and policies and are even more troubling.
The release of the European Parliament report immediately provoked massive responses by Indonesia and Malaysia that condemned protectionist and discriminatory measures and threatened economic retaliation against imports from Europe that include wheat to aircrafts.
In the face of producing countries who are determine to defend the production of palm oil at any price – since it is as one of the major factors in growth and poverty elimination The European Union must build a solid argument before drafting policies that take all known factors that lead to deforestation into account.