Palm Oil Is Not Responsible For 40% Of Global Deforestation

Palm Oil Is Not Responsible For 40% Of Global Deforestation

Just a few months in the past the Indonesian Environment and Forestry Ministry sought to extend a moratorium deforestation. Issuing new licenses to use peatland and forest in the country for a period of two years.

Indonesia has a huge ecological problem because the forests are rapidly disappearing and palm oil is blame for this. In fact it is the industry of palm oil that is a symbol of tensions between the necessity to conserve. Natural areas and the need for support for economic growth within the Global South.

Palm is an outstanding oil-producing crop that has an unbeatable amount of oil produced per hectare. It is a prolific and affordable multi-purpose oil which is sought after by the biofuels and agro food industries.

If properly managed and developed the palm oil plantations could contribute. To increasing the quality of life and eliminating poverty in tropical rural regions. It is estimate by the World Bank estimates that with an increase in population of 11.6 percent. And a five percent increase in per capita consumption, another 250,000 tonnes of plant oils will need to be produce each year by the year 2020.

Palm oil production worldwide is currently dominate by Indonesia and Malaysia that together make up 85percent worldwide supply. This is due to the emerging economies like India, Indonesia and China and where the growth of population. And higher living standards are the main reasons in the rise of demand. European consumption is responsible 15 percent of all global palm oil usage, while the US consumes 3percent.

The Deforestation Question

The European Parliament’s resolution from 4 April 2017 regarding palm oil and deforestation ended an open debate. About the possibility of regulating imports of palm oil with the aim of limiting the deforestation. That occurs throughout Southeast Asia.

The issue was discuss in an article that was publish by Le Monde. A French publication Le Monde on April 3 2017. Concerning environmental damages related to the production of palm oil The article stated:

Conversion of land for oil palm plantations is the cause of 40percent of depletion of forest cover. That is natural around the globe.

The source of this data reveals that palm oil actually. Responsible for just 2.3 percent of the deforestation in the world. What can this disparity be explain?

Inquiring About Deforestation Numbers

This Le Monde article is based on a report released in March 2017 of the European Parliament. On the social and environmental effects of the cultivation of oil palm. Our team has thoroughly reviewed this 400-page document that is the source of that 40% number likely comes from.

It is estimate the 40% the global deforestation is cause by the shifting to massive oil palm monoculture plantations. And that 73% of world’s deforestation is cause by clearing of land used to produce. The agricultural products and raw materials.

They are the same figures on deforestation for global agriculture as well as the oil palm industry however this time. Taking into the account all kinds of agricultural production, and not only intensive or industrial agriculture.

It is important to remember that farmers from small scales play a significant role in the production of global agriculture 95% of the rice. Coffee and cocoa production is derive from these smallholders. Within the palm oil field Non-agro-industrial farms comprise. Around 40 percent of total area and can also be a source of the destruction of forests.

European Deforestation Parliament

The figures in the report of the European Parliament do not necessarily refer to all sources. If the figure of 73% isn’t linked to an actual source and 40% is reported as coming from a technical report in 2013 which was commissioned from the European Commission, carried out by three private consultants.

It says there were 239 million ha of forest were cut down in the time period studied, with the majority in the subtropics and tropics The study found 91 million hectares within Latin America; 73 million in sub-Saharan Africa, and 44 million across Southeast Asia.

Agriculture is the main source of deforestation worldwide, with 24% of land being used for livestock and 29% being used for cultivation. The report gives some specifics about the 29 percent portion that is deforested due to agricultural crops. It also highlights those crops that make the most contribution soybean (19 percent) as well as maize (11 percent) and oil palm (8 percent) and rice (6 percent) as well as sugarcane (55 percent).

Let’s Calculate It Again

Based on these information sets that palm oil plantations comprise only 8% of deforestation that is attribute to agriculture-relate crops. This is just 8% of 29%, which is 2.3 percent, (or 5.6 million hectares of the 239 million hectares of forest that were lost between 1990 between 1990 and the year 2008.

To find the figure of 40 to find the figure, we need to examine a bit more in the technical report, the point where the deforestation of Brazil or Indonesia is analyze. These are the two countries where forest loss was report to be the most severe.

In the shortest time span of Indonesia in the shortest time span, more than 25 million acres of forests were destroy and of these, 7.5 million were use for agriculture production. Of the 7.5 million acres, 2.9 million are devote to plantations of oil palm, which is around 40 percent. This is why it accounts to 40% the deforestation however, it is only result from the agricultural industry and only in one particular country, not across the globe.

We Need More Information

We are concerned that deceitful information has the ability to directly influence the public’s opinions. Reports like the one from Parliament European Parliament now guide public preferences in the context of regulations and policies and are even more troubling.

The release of the European Parliament report immediately provoked massive responses by Indonesia and Malaysia that condemned protectionist and discriminatory measures and threatened economic retaliation against imports from Europe that include wheat to aircrafts.

In the face of producing countries who are determine to defend the production of palm oil at any price – since it is as one of the major factors in growth and poverty elimination The European Union must build a solid argument before drafting policies that take all known factors that lead to deforestation into account.

Wildfires Are Raging In The Mediterranean What We Learn

Wildfires Are Raging In The Mediterranean What We Learn

In Italy firefighters across the nation are fighting hundreds of wildfires. The fires are being fuel due to a mix of drought and heat. This is the latest of a string of fires that have ravaged the Mediterranean. In June, fires in Portugal caused the deaths of 64 persons within Pedrogao Grande, in the Leira district.

Then, shortly following, Spanish forests were engulf in fire. Requiring the evacuation of over 1,500 people from their homes and camping sites. The likelihood of fires is high in summer months, however, they rarely have devastating effects. These fires call for a rethinking of the way landscapes are protect to preserve. Ecosystems as the region’s population and climate are rapidly changing.

Reforestation Wildfires

In the present, even regions with an extensive history of fire, like the Mediterranean and southern Australia. And the western United States, are seeing more fire-related risks as a result of an increasing temperature and rising number of people. That reside in areas with densely forested terrains.

It’s not like southern Europeans are shifting to the forests in the first place actually. All across the Mediterranean the years of social and economic change have resulted. The decline of rural populations as more people migrate to bigger cities. In 1950, more than 50 percent of the Spanish population resided in rural regions. In 1990, this number had dropped by more than 25%.

The result is that landscapes that used to be tiny-scale mosaics of farmland grasslands. And wide-open forests today are dominat dense, young forests. For an example, look at the photos below of the similar Spanish landscape from the 1900s , and even today.

Plantations in forests, which are grown to make money and safeguard soil, could be a fire risk. When they’re affect by drought conditions. So , how do modern Mediterranean landscapes with their increasing load of fuel, lessen the negative consequences of fires?

The Fire Must Be Refuel Wildfires

Strategies that integrate and consider the diverse environmental. Social and economic fire-related factors can provide solutions for rural as well as urban landscapes. The process of removing fires which includes the use of sophisticated firefighting vehicles. To put out fires as soon as they begin is the most popular method of managing fires for Mediterranean ecosystems.

Suppression is a crucial method to keep homes and people secure. However its effectiveness comes with a drawback as it can cause the vegetation to grow. Increasing the chance of future negative flames across large areas of the territory.

To control this plant and leaf litter The practice of burned-off prescribed. That decreases or breaks down the connection of this fuel is becoming more prevalent in the southern part of Europe. This method is more effective in certain areas in comparison to other areas. Fires aren’t just control by fuels, but also through interactions with topography, climate and local conditions.

For instance, research has suggested that the prescribed burn can be more effective in reducing accidental fires. That are not planned in Portugal as oppose to Spain possibly due to the larger impact within Portugal on bottom-up. Drivers such as fuel as opposed to top-down drivers climate, for example as well as weather.

Strategic Management Wildfires

It is especially effective when it is target in strategic management points. As well as in rural and urban areas close to homes as well as other assets. In rural areas, specifically connecting efforts to reduce fuel consumption in conjunction with agricultural practices. And forestry which benefit local economies and promoting. The bioeconomy creates opportunities for better management.

In addition of sustainable forest practices, they can be employ to develop more open spaces. With wide spaced trees, which prevents the spread of fire between trees. This harvesting practice can also help local economies through the creation of employment. Opportunities in the fields of forestry or energy-related production.

Grazing is yet another method to decrease the burden of fuel for rural communities. France is currently incorporating this method in its fire management methods, and it’s currently being test by Catalonia, Spain.

Agriculture too can reduce the interconnectedness of forest fuels, and decrease wildfire danger. The introduction of new crops, like vineyards and truffles. On previously abandon landscapes, can be use in the role of green firebreaks. Though researchers and land managers are only beginning to investigate this possibility.

Participation Of Local Communities

The need to educate citizens on wildfires is an essential aspect of these preventive. Strategies to stop wildfires from becoming catastrophes. Informing individuals about the safety of their homes as well as when to evacuate dangerous areas, and when to take shelter in a safe place crucial actions that must taken to minimize the danger of fire that are currently occurring across the Mediterranean.

It is best to do this by a participative approach which puts local communities in the center of the process. In other words, the stakeholders should be include throughout the planning process (not just prior to or after a fire).

To gain widespread social support for the fire-fighting efforts It is essential to unite and empower decision-making teams composed of diverse people from different sectors including wildlife and farmers groups to local business.

One instance where this responsibility sharing can be beneficial for this Mediterranean basin is by integrating the risk of wildfire into the spatial development of rural and urban zones. It is important to make decisions about the location and method of building new homes must be based on an educated assessment of fire risks and all parties should be aware of the rationale behind these choices.

Benefits Of Fire

Fire, however, isn’t always good. Many animals and plants depend on fire for their survival, and the right type of fire can help promote biodiversity. The plants in Mediterranean ecosystems, certain plants require the help of fire in order to finish their cycles. Others are adapt, like dense bark or the ability to grow a new leaf, which aids recuperation after the fire.

Animals can also benefit from the open spaces that are create by burning. For example the ortolan bunting an agricultural bird species which has decreased across a large portion of Europe is a colony that inhabits recent areas of fire. However, flora and fauna aren’t adapt to all fire regimes. Therefore, the success of biodiversity conservation relies on an understanding of how spatial and temporal pattern of fires affect species.

Understanding how animals, plants as well as fires and others interact are important in determining the time and place the location of future fires due to an ever-changing climate. Nowadays, models and data of the spread and frequency of fire can be use to determine the potential hazards of fire, and also consider how they may affect the lives of the lives of people.

It is impossible to completely eliminate fire risk. However, more integrated strategies that take into account the specific environmental, social and economic elements that exist in the diverse regions affected by fire in the Mediterranean will be a great way to ensure the protection of people and ecosystems to withstand the pressures extreme warming of the climate.

Forests Abandon Logging Roads Damaging Lakes, Rivers And Streams

Forests Abandon Logging Roads Damaging Lakes, Rivers And Streams

For over 25 years in the last 25 years, for more than 25 years, the Quebec Ministry of Forests. Wildlife and Parks has been using an effective tool to ensure. That its forest industry is more productive over other provinces.

Quebec hasn’t implemented any planning for forest roads since around the middle of the 1990s. This has enabled the government as well as the forest companies. That operate within the public forests of the province to cut costs. However it has also put the surrounding water bodies, such as streams. Lakes and rivers as well as the animals that reside there and depend on them at in danger.

Only in Quebec appears to be a valid and standard practice to end road logging once they’re no longer require. This could lead to erosion of roads and the leaching of culvert backfill both. Which pose a serious danger to the water quality. This can result in tons of sediment accumulating in the aquatic environment.

As a researcher who studies water and forest ecology in the forestry. Department at Universal site Laval, I have vast and extensive understanding of the Quebec forest sector. Which includes its technical, scientific and operational aspects as well as the political and legislative aspects. I’ve witnessed, repeatedly, the insignificance of those. Who are concern about the water issue that is associate with the forestry industry. And I am hoping that addressing these issues will make a difference.

Routes To Nowhere Forests

Canada’s huge boreal forest as well as the vast amounts of timber found there are in public land. The wood, wildlife landscapes, plants, and the water. That they provide are all a part of to the residents of every province.

They are administer by provincial governments via rules and laws, as well as through the collection of royalties to businesses. That use these resources and turn them into valuable products, for example, sustainable construction materials, paper and bioenergy and cardboard.

The harvesting of these resources in remote regions and transporting. Them to processing plants requires a vast road network that is adapted to this job. These logging roads, which are constructed quickly with bulldozers and excavators with the help of gravel. Soil and other stones that are found at the site or in close proximity depend on culverts structures. That channel the flow of water underneath the roads in order to connect the numerous rivers that traverse the area.

A small portion of the roads are wide and well-maintained and well gravel to enable speedy and safe traveling. They are the main road for access to the terrain as well as its natural resources. But, the majority of logging roads are heavily use. For brief periods of time ranging from few months up to 10 years.

The proper management of a road network for logging must take this crucial feature into consideration. Roads for logging across Canada are manage through management plans, excluding Quebec in which they are not in existence. The plans oversee the construction on the road’s main network and also their maintenance and decommissioning, and closure of logging roads in the short long-term, medium and long-term.

The Aquatic Environment Is Severely Damage Forests

For a number of decades, the Quebec forest ministry has enacted a robust regulation framework that robust and robust to the construction of roads for logging in the province’s forest public. They built primarily to extract wood more than 476,000 kilometers of road. Which is equivalent to the circumference of 12 times around the Earth 12 times have been heavily fund from the Quebec government in recent years.

From a legal point of view the roads are public once they are construct, and they are open to all users and any possible use. However, in total contradiction to the strict rules that were in place in the construction phase There are in all practical terms no rules that pertain on the management of the roads. The current forest management regime in force does not place any obligation for the forest business to manage or close these roads once the forestry activities have been completed.

Quebec Government Forests

It is believed that the Quebec government has long believe that these second-users mostly fishermen, hunters and tourists, could keep up this vast road network, however, it has never put forth any serious effort to overseeing or co-coordinating the operation.

Just 25 percent of these roads were maintain after the harvest of timber. Nearly 35 per cent of all logging roads in the public sector were abandon for decades and never closed or even maintain

The science is unambiguous the fact that road structures that are poorly maintain are a major threat to aquatic ecosystems. They cause massive sediments, damages to aquatic habitats, obstructions to the freedom of flow of fish and obviously, restrictions on access to resources and land.

And elsewhere in Canada In other parts of Canada, large and regular sums of money have been every year, for decades, to keep the condition, close or decommission thousands of kilometres of timber roads. Meanwhile, Quebec has invested little in these structures, allowing them to gradually deteriorate.

Quebec Does Not Play According To The Rules

The Quebec Office of the Chief Forester has criticized this situation in the year 2010 in. Tts Sustainable Forest Management Report. But, after it was time for the Sustainable Forest Development Act of 2013 was pass in 2013. Chief Forester Quebec was exempt from the responsibility of the evaluation of the sustainability of forest management. Since then the chief forester is no longer equip or the authority to assess the water conservation challenges. That arise due to Quebec’s absence of a road management plan.

Unfortunately, the wood in the public forests of Quebec hasn’t been harvest in accordance. With the guidelines of the game and to which the other Canadian provinces are committing. As long as the Quebec government accepts the responsibility of its abandoned. Roads for logging and allows an independent evaluation of the water conservation. Requirements to be carry out and implements a realistic policy for managing the logging roads, the problem will only grow.

Water is a precious resource. It’s time for officials who are expect to protect it like forest certification agencies. As well as the provincial and federal environment ministers to do something about the public forests of Quebec.